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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

versão impressa ISSN 0100-2945

Resumo

ARAUJO, José Ribamar Gusmão et al. Turiaçu: a pineapple cultivar traditional and native from  Maranhão, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.4, pp.1270-1276. ISSN 0100-2945.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452012000400037.

Characterize the biometry of plant and analyze physical and chemically pineapple fruits of Turiaçu cultivar and proceed comparative analysis with others traditional and improved cultivars, were the main objectives of this study. 'Turiaçu' is considered a native selection from the Eastern Amazon Basin and of great importance to the State of Maranhão. The field experiment was conduced from 2007 to 2009, using spacing in simple rows of 1.0 x 0.40 m. The medium-slips for planting got 35 to 40 cm. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics leading to get the average of each character and the coefficient of linear correlation between nine main characters. The average fruit weight (1,620.0 g), medium crown, total soluble solids content (16.1ºBrix) and the pulp of yellow color, configure a product suitable to market exigencies. The acidity content is lower than other cultivars, requiring adjust in harvest point aiming industrial uses. The high production of slips per plant assure cultivation of new areas.

Palavras-chave : Ananas comosus var. comosus; native fruit; plant biometry; fruit quality of pineapple.

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