SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.35 número2Atividade antioxidante de frutos de quatro cultivares de pessegueiroDeterminação do potencial antioxidante in vitro de frutos do Cerrado brasileiro índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartilhar


Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

versão impressa ISSN 0100-2945

Resumo

COSTA, Adriana Barbosa et al. Antioxidant activity of the pulp, skin and seeds of the noni (Morinda citrifolia Linn). Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2013, vol.35, n.2, pp.345-354. ISSN 0100-2945.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452013000200003.

In an attempt to identify new sources of natural antioxidants and to clarify gaps in the scientific literature about the real beneficial properties attributed to Noni (Morinda citrifolia Linn), this study aimed to determine the chemical characterization and to evaluate antioxidant activity of the pulp, skin and seeds of Noni. Chemical composition (moisture, ash, protein, carbohydrates and lipids), bioactive compounds (total phenolics, total carotenoids and vitamin C), and the in vitro activity in aqueous, ethanolic and acetone extracts were determined. The results showed that compared to others fruits, the different parts of Noni have significant amounts of carbohydrates (27.21%, 9.70% and 8.37%) and protein (2.64%, 2.23 %, and 2.24 %) in seeds, skin and pulp, respectively. The pulp had a higher content of vitamin C (23.1 mg/100 g) and carotenoids (3.90 mg/100g).An amount of 109.81 mg/100 g of total phenolics was determined in the acetone extract of the pulp, followed by 76.01 and 28.75 mg/100g in the acetonic extracts of the skin and seeds, respectively and the ethanolic extract of the pulp with 20.33 mg/100g). All extracts showed antioxidant activity in vitro. The acetone and ethanolic extracts of the skin and seeds of Noni showed higher activity by the β-carotene / linoleic acid method while the ethanolic pulp extract had a higher antioxidant activity by DPPH and ABTS assay and the acetone extract of the pulp by the ABTS method. Data showed that Noni has high content of phenolic compounds with antioxidant capacity in vitro in different parts of the fruit.

Palavras-chave : fruit; bioactive compounds; antioxidant activity.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Português     · Português ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons