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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

versão impressa ISSN 0100-2945

Resumo

MONTEIRO, Rodrigo Otávio Câmara et al. Water consumption and soil moisture distribution in melon crop with mulching and in a protected environment. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2013, vol.35, n.2, pp.555-564. ISSN 0100-2945.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452013000200026.

Mulching has become an important technique for land cover, but there are some technical procedures which should be adjusted for these new modified conditions to establish optimum total water depth. It is also important to observe the soil-water relations as soil water distribution and wetted volume dimensions. The objective of the present study was to estimate melon evapotranspiration under mulching in a protected environment and to verify the water spatial distribution around the melon root system in two soil classes. Mulching provided 27 mm water saving by reducing water evaporation. In terms of volume each plant received, on average, the amount of 175.2 L of water in 84 days of cultivation without mulching, while when was used mulching the water requirement was 160.2 L per plant. The use of mulching reduced the soil moisture variability throughout the crop cycle and allowed a greater distribution of soil water that was more intense in the clay soil. The clayey soil provided on average 43 mm more water depth retention in 0.50 m soil deep relative to the sandy loam soil, and reduced 5.6 mm the crop cycle soil moisture variation compared to sandy loam soil.

Palavras-chave : Evapotranspiration; plastic cover; tensiometer; irrigation.

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