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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

Print version ISSN 0100-2945

Abstract

SCOLARO, ANDREIA MARIA TOMAZINI et al. PREHARVEST CONTROL OF ‘ROYAL GALA’ APPLE FRUIT MATURATION BY THE INHIBITION OF ETHYLENE ACTION OR SYNTHESIS. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2015, vol.37, n.1, pp.38-47. ISSN 0100-2945.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-2945-010/14.

ABSTRACT

The objective of this research was to evaluate the effects of ethylene action inhibition (by sprayable formulation of 1-methylcyclopropene; 1-MCP) and ethylene synthesis inhibition (by aminoethoxyvinylglycine; AVG) on preharvest apple fruit maturation. ‘Royal Gala’ apple trees were sprayed with 1-MCP (at 50 or 100 mg L-1)) seven days before anticipated harvest (DBAH), or with AVG (124 mg L-1)) 28 DBAH. Apple trees not sprayed with 1-MCP and AVG were used as control. Fruit were harvested weekly,along five weeks from the 7th day after 1-MCP spraying, and then analyzed in terms of maturity and quality one day after harvest. Fruit maturity and quality attributes when fruit reached the flesh firmness of 71.1 N were estimated by analysis of regression, for each treatment. 1-MCP (50 and 100 mg L-1)) and AVG delayed fruit maturation, by reducing the ethylene production rates, starch degradation, loss of flesh firmness and acidity, skin yellowing, increase of soluble solids content and skin red color development. 1-MCP (100 mg L-1)) and AVG delayed in 6 and 12 days, respectively, the time required for fruit to reach the flesh firmness of 71.1 N on the tree, in comparison to the control. Fruit treated with 1-MCP or AVG had starch index, ethylene production and acidity values similar or smaller than the control, at the date when all treatments achieved the flesh firmness of 71.1 N. The magnitude of 1-MCP effect on flesh firmness was similar to the effect on ethylene production and skin color, and slightly slower on starch degradation. The effects of AVG on ethylene production, skin color and acidity were more substantial than on loss of flesh firmness. The results show that the treatment of ‘Royal Gala’ apple trees with the sprayable formulation of 1-MCP represents an additional method for management of fruit maturation and harvest.

Keywords : Malus domestica Borkh; ethylene; 1-methylcyclopropene; aminoethoxyvinylglycine; harvest.

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