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vol.39 número2MECANISMOS DE TOLERÂNCIA À SALINIDADE EM BANANEIRA :ASPECTOS FISIOLÓGICOS, BIOQUÍMICOS E MOLECULARESCOMPARAÇÃO DA QUALIDADE DE MORANGOS ORGÂNICOS E CONVENCIONAIS DE VÁRIAS PROPRIEDADES índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

versão impressa ISSN 0100-2945versão On-line ISSN 1806-9967

Resumo

SANTOS, PRISCILA NOBRES DOS; SILVA, DIOLINA MOURA; GALLON, CAMILLA ZANOTTI  e  VENTURA, JOSÉ AIRES. SENSITIVITY TO ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS OF PRATA,JAPIRA AND VITÓRIA BANANA CULTIVARS PROVEN BY CHLOROPHYLL a FLUORESCENCE. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2017, vol.39, n.2, e-991.  Epub 22-Maio-2017. ISSN 0100-2945.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0100-29452017991.

This study aimed to evaluate the physiological responses to environmental stress during pre- and post-harvest of the following banana cultivars: Prata (AAB), Japira (AAAB) and Vitoria (AAAB). Analyses were carried out on young plants at vegetative stage (daughter-plant) and adult plants at reproductive stage (motherplant). The experimental design was completely randomized. In the in vivo pre-harvest analysis were used seven replications, in a factorial scheme (3x2x2), three cultivars and two stages (vegetative and reproductive) and two collection periods (March and June). For the analysis of post-harvest quality were used five replications in a factorial design (3x2x5), corresponding to three cultivars, two development stages and five periods of post-harvest analysis, carried out every two days from stage 4 of fruit ripening. The chlorophyll a fluorescence emission kinetics showed low photochemical performance of the three cultivars in June, a period characterized by lower temperatures and water deficit. Prata was the cultivar with the lowest tolerance to abiotic physiological behavior changes, which also reflected in fruit quality, because there was a change in physical and physicochemical parameters. Japira and Vitoria cultivars showed similar physiological responses in the pre- and post-harvest periods, according to their phylogenetic proximity. The total performance index, i.e., the conservation of energy absorbed by PSII up to the reduction of the final PSI acceptors (PItotal) and the di-malonic aldehyde (MDA) content were significantly higher in Japira and Vitoria cultivars compared to Prata cultivar in the reproductive phase. There was no significant change in the potential quantum efficiency of PSII (FV / FM = jP0) among the three cultivars. It was concluded that Japira and Vitoria cultivars showed greater plasticity to tolerate or even adapt to abiotic variations keeping higher fruit yield. PItotal is the most sensitive parameter during the banana life cycle and important tool for distinguishing different cultivars yields.

Palavras-chave : Musa spp; Chlorophyll fluorescence; pigments; lipid peroxidation; post-harvest quality.

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