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vol.39 número4DESEMPENHO PRODUTIVO DE MORANGUEIRO EM AMBIENTE CULTIVADO COM A FIGUEIRACUSTO DE PRODUÇÃO E RENTABILIDADE DA UVA ‘NIÁGARA ROSADA’ CULTIVADA EM DIFERENTES REGIÕES DO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

versão impressa ISSN 0100-2945versão On-line ISSN 1806-9967

Resumo

SILVA, LARISSA DE PAULA VIANA DA et al. CHARACTERIZATION OF MANGABEIRA TREES AND FRUITS IN THE SAVANNAH-RESTINGA TRANSITION ZONE. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2017, vol.39, n.4, e-746.  Epub 27-Nov-2017. ISSN 0100-2945.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0100-29452017746.

Brazil is the third largest fruit producer in the world, but many native fruits remain underexploited, as is the case for mangabeira (Hancornia speciosa Gomes). Little is known about general aspects of this species in its naturally occurring environment. Thus, this study aimed to characterize plant and fruit morphologies from native mangabeira selections in the Savannah-Restinga vegetation transition zone. The experiment was carried out in Patizal, Recanto and Recurso villages located in the Morros municipality, Maranhão State, dominated by extensive Savannah-Restinga vegetation transition zone with naturally occurring mangabeiras. Forty five mangabeira trees were randomly chosen from native selections in the three villages. Data collected were plant height, stem height, stem diameter, canopy volume, number of main and secondary branches and number of fruits. Twenty fruits were collected per plant to determine the mass, length and diameter, pulp and skin mass, pulp yield, seed number and seed mass. There was a high degree of variability for all assessed variables except for the pulp yield (average = 86.69%, minimum = 76.75% and maximum = 91.11%; CV= 3.51%). Significant and positive high magnitude correlations were noted among the variables of fruit mass and pulp mass plus skin with seed number (r=0,01; ?=0,78 e ?=0,74, respectively).

Palavras-chave : Hancornia speciosa Gomes; native selections; biometry.

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