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vol.39 número4SELEÇÃO DE GENÓTIPOS DE PESSEGUEIRO QUANTO À CARACTERIZAÇÃO BIOQUÍMICAAVANÇOS NA PROPAGAÇÃO DA GOIABEIRA índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

versão impressa ISSN 0100-2945versão On-line ISSN 1806-9967

Resumo

MAYER, NEWTON ALEX; BIANCHI, VALMOR JOÃO; FELDBERG, NELSON PIRES  e  MORINI, STEFANO. ADVANCES IN PEACH, NECTARINE AND PLUM PROPAGATION. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2017, vol.39, n.4, e-355.  Epub 04-Dez-2017. ISSN 0100-2945.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0100-29452017355.

Nursery trees of stone fruits (Prunus spp.) are traditionally produced by union of two distinct genotypes - the rootstock and the scion - which, by grafting, form a composite plant that will be maintained throughout of all plant life. In Brazil, the rootstocks are predominantly seed propagated and therefore usually results in heterogeneous trees for vigor and edaphic adaptation. However, with advances in rootstock breeding programs that released cultivars and certification in several countries (notably in Europe), the system will come gradually evolving for vegetative propagation (cuttings and tissue culture) and use of seeds of selected rootstocks with specific characteristics and potted nursery trees production. For scion cultivar propagation, the budding system (with its many variations) has predominantly been adopted in major producing countries. This review had as objective to comment main propagation methods adopted for rootstocks and scion in peach, nectarine and plum, and recent technical progress obtained as well as the needs of improvement for nursery tree production.

Palavras-chave : Prunus spp.; seeds; cutting; grafting; air layering; tissue culture.

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