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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

versão impressa ISSN 0100-2945versão On-line ISSN 1806-9967

Resumo

FERREIRA, Marcela Vega et al. Optimized extraction and partial purification of S. Cerevisiae invertase from peach puree. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2018, vol.40, n.2, e-489.  Epub 22-Mar-2018. ISSN 0100-2945.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0100-29452018489.

The extraction was performed using an autolysis process where enzymes degrade cell structures and release the cytoplasmic contents to the extracellular medium. The autolysis process was carried out in shake flasks with different agitation speeds (50 - 350 rpm) and the concentration of sodium bicarbonate (50 -350 mM NaHCO3) at 40 ° C for 24 hours, using a central composite design adapted for two variables and five levels and response surface methodology (RSM) and canonical analysis to define the optimal conditions of extraction of invertase S. cerevisiae from peach puree (ISc). In great condition extraction, we studied the effect of the liofilization and purified in the invertase activity using colorimetric method of 3,5-dinitrosalicílico (DNS) at 490 nm to monitor their activity. One unit (U) defined as 1 mg glicose.min-1. Protein concentrations were determined by Lowry and invertase comercial yeast (ICY). The influence of concentration NaHCO3 and stirring speed to extract the enzyme invertase showed linear effect, quadratic and interactive. The polynomial model of second order could explain the extraction phenomenon of invertase with R2 of 0.80, with significantly dependent on both variables activity. The maximum extraction was observed in the experimental center point (200 mM NaHCO3 and 200 rpm) with an activity of 14.7 U.mg-1. The stationary point is a point of maximum extraction, differing by at least 10% of the experimental center point. Based on these characteristics, the optimal conditions for extraction of S. cerevisiae invertase from peach puree (ISc) are 200 mM NaHCO3 as autolysis agent, 200 rpm orbital shaking at 40ºC for 24 hours and freeze-dried using biomass. Ethanol is more effective than acetone for recovery of specific activity.

Palavras-chave : Yeast; autolysis; RSM; canonical analysis.

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