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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

versão impressa ISSN 0100-2945versão On-line ISSN 1806-9967

Resumo

MELO, Thiago Anchieta de et al. Effect of Ascophyllum nodosum seaweed extract on post-harvest 'Tommy Atkins’ mangoes. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2018, vol.40, n.3, e-621.  Epub 24-Maio-2018. ISSN 0100-2945.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0100-29452018621.

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Ascophyllum nodosum extract (AN), applied in different doses on the physicochemical characteristics of post-harvest ‘Tommy Atkins’ mangoes. The selected mango fruits were treated with different extract concentrations (0%, 0.1%, 0.3%, 0.5% and 1.0%) and stored for 12 days at 25±2 °C and 75±5% RH. Every 3 days, fruit mass loss (PM), color angle (Hue) (AH), firmness, pH, titratable acidity (AT), content of total soluble solids in pulp (°Brix) and content of carbohydrates in shell were assessed. The experiments were carried out in CRD in a 5 x 5 factorial arrangement (concentrations x days of storage) with four replications. AN was effective in preventing PM, with a reduction of up to 40.2%, as observed at concentration 0.1% compared to control. There were no differences among concentrations on AH, however, all of them differed significantly from control with higher AH, especially on the 12nd day. Fruit firmness was lower in control, the pH increased with the storage time and AT decreased. For all these parameters, mangoes treated with the extract differed from control. The pulp sample °Brix increased with the storage time as well as the content of reducing sugars, with consequent reduction of non-reducing sugars in fruit shell. These tests indicate the possibility of using AN as an alternative management in preserving mangoes in the post-harvest stage.

Palavras-chave : Mangifera indica; fruit preservation; shelf life.

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