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On-line version ISSN 1678-7099
SAPIENZA, Marcelo Tatit et al. Experimental assessment of thyroid stunning in mice. Radiol Bras [online]. 2001, vol.34, n.6, pp.333-336. ISSN 1678-7099. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-39842001000600006.
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid tissue stunning after iodine-131 doses is a known cause of low uptake and unsatisfactory response to subsequent therapeutic doses. The objective of this study was to develop an experimental model of postactinic thyroid stunning. METHODS: A total of 63 mice received an equivalent dose of 45 Sv on the thyroid, by iodine-123 irradiation. This dose is similar to the estimated dose for the thyroidal remnants after administration of 185 MBq (5 mCi) of iodine-131 for whole body scans. The thyroid uptake of iodine-131 tracer doses were measured in subgroups of 9 animals, 2, 3, 5, 7, 12 and 26 days after irradiation and compared to a control group. RESULTS: The iodine uptake in the control group was 9.26%. The mean uptake value variation during the studied period was not significant. There was an increase in variance of the measures performed 5 days after irradiation, when 4 of 9 animals presented uptake 60% lower than the control group mean. CONCLUSION: There was not a systematic uptake fall in the animals submitted to the 45 Sv dose, although there was a trend for higher fluctuation in the uptake 5 days after irradiation. These findings may be due to interspecies differences or may indicate that the stunning with such doses may depend on individual characteristics or previous functional thyroid abnormalities, in addition to the radiation effect.
Keywords : Thyroid cancer; Iodine radioisotopes; Thyroidectomy; Follicular adenocarcinoma; Papillary adenocarcinoma; Radionuclide imaging.