Print version ISSN 0100-3984
SOUZA, Ricardo Pires de; PAES JUNIOR, Ademar José de Oliveira and VOLPATO, Richard. The sublingual space. Radiol Bras [online]. 2003, vol.36, n.1, pp. 35-40. ISSN 0100-3984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-39842003000100009.
The sublingual space is a semilunar shaped space of the floor of the mouth that extends from the internal surface of the alveolar edge to the base of the tongue. The sublingual space is located medially to the mylohyoid muscle, which separates the sublingual space from the submandibular space, anteriorly to the hyoglossus-styloglossus complex, and is medially bounded by the genioglossus muscle. It contains the sublingual gland, the deep portion of the submandibular gland, the submandibular duct, the lingual artery and vein, the lingual nerve and the cranial nerves IX and XII. The relationships of the sublingual space are very important since lesions originating from the oropharynx and oral cavity can extend into this area whereas lesions arising from the sublingual space readily spread to involve the adjacent submandibular space. The authors present an anatomical and functional description of the structures within the sublingual space and discuss the diseases occurring in this region. Imaging methods are useful in the assessment and understanding of the lesions in the sublingual space and may help in the clinical and surgical management of the patients.
Keywords : Sublingual space; Computed tomography; Magnetic resonance imaging.