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Radiologia Brasileira

versão On-line ISSN 1678-7099


GASPARETTO, Emerson L. et al. High-resolution computed tomography findings in pulmonary complications after bone marrow transplantation: iconographic essay. Radiol Bras [online]. 2005, vol.38, n.6, pp. 439-445. ISSN 1678-7099.

Bone marrow transplantation has been the treatment of choice for many hematologic diseases. However, pulmonary complications, which may occur in up to 60% of the patients, are the main cause of treatment failure and may be divided in three phases according to the patient's immunity. In the first phase, up to 30 days after the procedure, there is a predominance of non-infectious complications and fungal pneumonia. Viral infections, mainly by cytomegalovirus, are common in the second phase (up to 100 days after bone marrow transplantation). Finally, in the late phase after bone marrow transplantation, non-infectious complications as bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia and graft-versus-host disease are most commonly seen. The authors present a pictorial essay of the high-resolution computed tomography findings in patients with pulmonary complications after bone marrow transplantation.

Palavras-chave : High-resolution computed tomography; Bone marrow transplantation; Pulmonary infections.

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