Print version ISSN 0100-3984
OLIVEIRA, Helena Willhelm de; VEECK, Elaine Bauer; SOUZA, Paulo Henrique Couto and FERNANDES, Ângela. Bone age assessment in children with vertically transmitted HIV infection. Radiol Bras [online]. 2006, vol.39, n.1, pp. 27-31. ISSN 0100-3984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-39842006000100007.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the development of children with vertically transmitted HIV infection by comparing two methods for bone age assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 children aged between 4 years and two months and 11 years and 9 months were studied. The hands and wrists of the children were X-rayed using standard techniques and the films were subsequently analyzed according to the Greulich & Pyle (1959) and by Eklöf & Ringertz (1967) methods. RESULTS: The results showed statistically significant differences between the two methods, with the Eklöf & Ringertz method being distinguished by higher sensitivity (p < 0.05). In the group of female patients statistically significant differences were seen between control and HIV+ cases (seven cases) when assessed using this method (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The study showed that HIV influenced skeletal development in this group of patients.
Keywords : Skeletal age; HIV infection; Children; Eklöf & Ringertz; Greulich & Pyle.