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Radiologia Brasileira

On-line version ISSN 1678-7099


SOUZA, Luís Ronan Marquez Ferreira de et al. Interobserver agreement on non-contrast computed tomography interpretation for diagnosis of urolithiasis in patients with acute flank pain. Radiol Bras [online]. 2006, vol.39, n.5, pp.341-344. ISSN 1678-7099.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the interobserver agreement on non-contrast computed tomography interpretation by a group of experienced abdominal radiologists, for the study of urolithiasis in patients presenting acute flank pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective study of 52 patients submitted to non-contrast enhanced helical computed tomography. The images were subsequently analyzed by three independent observers, with the interobserver agreement assessed by means of the kappa (k) statistical method. The following parameters were analyzed: a) presence, localization and measurement of ureteral calculi; b) intrarenal calyceal system dilatation; c) perirenal fat heterogeneity; d) ureteral dilatation; e) ureteral wall edema (halo sign). RESULTS: Ureteral calculi were found in 40 of 52 patients (77%). The interobserver agreement was almost perfect as regards identification of ureteral calculi (k = 0.89) and ureteral dilatation (k = 0.87), substantial for calyceal system dilatation (k = 0.77), and moderate for perirenal fat heterogeneity (k = 0.55) and ureteral wall edema (k = 0.56). CONCLUSION: Non-contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography presents high reproducibility in the evaluation of urolithiasis and secondary signs of the calyceal system obstruction.

Keywords : Lithiasis; Ureteral calculi; Flank pain; Computed tomography.

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