versión On-line ISSN 1678-7099
PELANDRE, Gustavo Lemos et al. Tomographic findings of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor: a 14-case study. Radiol Bras [online]. 2008, vol.41, n.5, pp. 297-303. ISSN 1678-7099. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-39842008000500006.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the tomographic findings of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients with histopathologically and immunohistochemically confirmed gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors, who had already been submitted to computed tomography scans before the treatment, were evaluated in the period between January 1999 and December 2006. The following tomographic variables were analyzed: lesion topography, size/dimensions, homogeneity, contour, margins, morphology, pattern and intravenous contrast-enhancement intensity, growth pattern, invasion of adjacent organs, presence of ulceration, fistula, calcifications, mesenteric fat infiltration, lymphadenomegaly and presence of distant metastasis. RESULTS: Tumors were found in the body (57.1%) or in the gastric fundus (42.9%), with sizes ranging between 6.0 cm and 23.0 cm (mean, 11.5 cm). Predominantly extraluminal growth was observed in 57.1% of cases and intra/extraluminal in 35.7%. Subtle contrast-enhancement was observed in 50%, moderate in 50%, and heterogeneous in 64.3% of cases. Additionally, central hypodensity was observed in 64.3%, invasion of adjacent organs in 42.9%, and hepatic metastasis in 7.2% of cases. CONCLUSION: In the present study, the majority of tumors were found in the gastric body, with an average size of 11.5 cm, presenting with central hypodensity, heterogeneous contrast-enhancement and predominantly extraluminal growth.
Palabras clave : Gastrointestinal stromal tumors; Stomach neoplasms; Spiral computed tomography.