versão impressa ISSN 0100-3984
NICOLAU, Luis Guilherme Carvalho et al. Maximum dilation of the brachial artery in smoking and nonsmoking pregnant and non-pregnant women. Radiol Bras [online]. 2010, vol.43, n.2, pp. 85-89. ISSN 0100-3984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-39842010000200007.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the time required to achieve maximum brachial artery dilation by means of flow-mediated dilation, as well as the differences in such dilation as four groups of smoking and nonsmoking pregnant and non-pregnant women are compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study where the brachial artery diameter was measured considering four time spans following pressoric stimulus (30, 60, 90 and 120 seconds) in four groups of women in the age range between 20 and 30 years as follows: nonsmoking pregnant women (n = 47) and smoking pregnant women (n = 33) with gestational age between 24 and 28 weeks, nonsmoking (n = 34) and smoking (n = 19) non-pregnant women. RESULTS: The evaluation of dilation of the brachial artery at the different time spans following pressoric stimulus demonstrated maximum dilation for all the groups at "60 seconds" following the cuff deflation (p < 0.01). Brachial artery flow-mediated dilation was greater among nonsmoking pregnant women as compared with smoking ones (p = 0.03), as well as in the group of nonsmoking, non-pregnant women as compared with the smoking ones (p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: The smoking habit does not interfere in the time span required to achieve maximum brachial artery dilation.
Palavras-chave : Ultrasonography; Endothelium; Endothelial function; Pregnant women; Smokers.