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Radiologia Brasileira

On-line version ISSN 1678-7099

Abstract

OLIVEIRA, Mércia Liane de et al. Influence of thermoluminescent dosimeters energy dependence on the measurement of entrance skin dose in radiographic procedures. Radiol Bras [online]. 2010, vol.43, n.2, pp.113-118. ISSN 1678-7099.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-39842010000200012.

OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at evaluating the influence of the energy dependence of thermoluminescent materials on the determination of entrance skin dose in patients submitted to conventional radiographic studies (general radiology, mammography and dental radiology). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three different thermoluminescent materials were utilized: LiF:Mg,Ti, LiF:Mg,Cu,P and CaSO4:Dy. These materials were exposed to standardized sources of X and gamma radiation and clinical X-ray beams. RESULTS: Calibration and energy dependence curves were obtained. All the materials showed a linear response as a function of the air kerma. As far as energy dependence is concerned, the CaSO4:Dy and LiF:Mg,Ti samples showed the greatest variation on thermoluminescent responses as a function of the effective radiation beam. CONCLUSION: The tested materials showed an appropriate performance for detecting X radiation on standard and clinical X-ray beams. Although CaSO4:Dy and LiF:Mg,Ti samples present a significant energy dependence in the considered energy range, these materials can be utilized for measuring entrance skin doses, provided appropriate correction factors are applied.

Keywords : Thermoluminescent dosimeters; X-ray; Radiation protection; Entrance skin dose.

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