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Radiologia Brasileira

On-line version ISSN 1678-7099

Abstract

MARQUES, Tatiana; ALVA-SANCHEZ, Mirko  and  NICOLUCCI, Patrícia. Reduction of uncertainties in radiotherapy assessed by Monte Carlo simulation: spectral analysis applied to absorbed dose correction. Radiol Bras [online]. 2010, vol.43, n.2, pp.119-123. ISSN 1678-7099.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-39842010000200013.

OBJECTIVE: To calculate spectra of cobalt-60 beam at water depth and correction factors for absorbed dose measurements obtained with lithium fluoride thermoluminescent dosimeters using Monte Carlo simulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The simulations of secondary spectra of clinical cobalt-60 sources were performed with the PENELOPE Monte Carlo code at different water depths. Experimental measurements of deep doses were obtained with thermoluminescent dosimeters and ionization chamber under reference conditions for radiotherapy. Correction factors for the thermoluminescent dosimeters detectors were obtained through the ratio between the relative energy absorption for the low energy spectrum and the total spectrum. RESULTS: Deep spectral analysis has demonstrated the presence of secondary low-energy spectra responsible for a significant portion of the dose deposition. Discrepancies of 3.2% were observed among the doses measured with ionization chamber and thermoluminescent dosimeters. The adoption of correction factors has allowed a reduction in the discrepancy among absorbed doses to a maximum of 0.3%. CONCLUSION: Simulated spectra allow the calculation of correction factors for reading of thermoluminescent dosimeters utilized in the measurement of deep doses, contributing for the reduction of uncertainties associated with quality control of clinical beams in radiotherapy.

Keywords : Monte Carlo simulation; Radiotherapy; Spectrometry; Quality control; Thermoluminescent dosimetry; TLD.

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