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Radiologia Brasileira

On-line version ISSN 1678-7099

Abstract

MATSUOKA, Marcia Wang et al. Contribution of ultrasonography to the diagnosis of chronic hepatitis C histopathological changes, with emphasis on hepatic steatosis: Part I. Radiol Bras [online]. 2011, vol.44, n.3, pp.141-146. ISSN 1678-7099.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-39842011000300004.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of ultrasonography in the assessment of histopathological changes in patients with chronic hepatitis C, with emphasis on hepatic steatosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Liver ultrasonography results were compared with histopathological findings of liver biopsy of 192 patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection. All the US examinations followed a single protocol, analyzing the following aspects: echogenicity, echotexture and attenuation. The patients sample was divided into two groups as follows: patients with sonographic changes and patients with no sonographic changes. Sonographic findings of both groups were compared with histopathological findings after liver biopsy. RESULTS: Statistically significant intergroup differences were observed just regarding architectural changes grades 0 and 3 and hepatic steatosis. Attenuation was the sonographic criterion that was best correlated with hepatic steatosis. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study demonstrate that, in patients with chronic hepatitis C, ultrasonography has limitations in the characterization of histopathological changes, with an intermediate rate of agreement with the diagnosis of hepatic steatosis. Considering the specificity of 77.9% and the negative predictive value of 95.5%, the authors highlight the capacity of the method to demonstrate the probability of absence of hepatic steatosis.

Keywords : Ultrasonography; Chronic hepatitis C virus infection; Hepatic steatosis; Liver biopsy.

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