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Radiologia Brasileira

On-line version ISSN 1678-7099


NAGEM, Rachid Guimarães  and  FREITAS, Henrique Leite. Chilaiditi's syndrome: a case report. Radiol Bras [online]. 2011, vol.44, n.5, pp.333-335. ISSN 1678-7099.

The authors report a case of Chilaiditi's syndrome in a 56-year-old woman. Although this is a benign condition with rare surgical indication, it has great importance for implying surgical emergency in cases where such condition is equivocally diagnosed as pneumoperitoneum. A literature review is performed with emphasis on pathophysiology, diagnostic work-up and treatment of this entity.

Keywords : Chilaiditi's syndrome; Chilaiditi's sign; Acute abdomen; Pneumoperitoneum; Hepatodiaphragmatic space.

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