Print version ISSN 0100-3984
LUNDGREN, Maria da Salete Fonseca dos Santos; KHOURY, Helen Jamil and AZEVEDO, Sérgio. Extracranial doses in patients submitted to stereotactic radiosurgery for brain tumors. Radiol Bras [online]. 2012, vol.45, n.2, pp. 83-86. ISSN 0100-3984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-39842012000200004.
OBJECTIVE: To estimate extracranial doses on eyes, thyroid, chest and pelvis in patients submitted to radiosurgery with 6 MV linear accelerator. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study evaluated 11 patients, 7 of them with primary, and 4 with secondary brain tumors. In the latter group, 2 patients had two lesions. Thermoluminescent dosimeters were utilized to estimate the extracranial dose. Radiosurgery cones ranges between 1.50 and 3.75 cm and doses between 1300 and 2000 cGy. RESULTS: Mean patients' age was 52 years, and 63.6% of them were women and 36.4%, men. Lesion locations were the following: right acoustic nerve (1), frontal (2), parietal (5), right occipital (1), cerebellum (2) and parasagittal (2). Mean received doses were the following: 5.1 cGy between the eyes; 4.8 cGy in the right eye; 6.5 cGy in the left eye; 4.2 cGy in the thyroid; 1.65 cGy in the chest; and 0.45 cGy in the pelvis. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate that that although the eye doses do not exceed the tolerance limits for occurrence of lens opacity, it is important that the risks associated with radiation doses are taken into consideration by radiotherapists in the planning of cranial radiosurgery procedures.
Keywords : Brain tumor; Radiotherapy; Radiosurgery; Dosimetry.