versão impressa ISSN 0100-3984
TAVARES JUNIOR, Wilson Campos et al. Bone attrition: a cause of knee pain in osteoarthritis. Radiol Bras [online]. 2012, vol.45, n.5, pp. 273-278. ISSN 0100-3984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-39842012000500008.
Knee pain is the most frequent symptom in osteoarthritis, a condition that is the leading cause of chronic disability in the elderly and one of the main sources of morbidity attributable to osteoarthritis in general. The causes of knee pain in individuals with osteoarthritis cannot be easily understood, and the knowledge of such causes is critical for determining future specific interventions. Bone attrition represents remodelling of the subchondral bone envelope in osteoarthritis, leading to a consequential change in bone shape and/or bone loss. However, bone attrition is not a feature that can be easily read, since it is hardly detected in the absence of clear defects of cortical bone integrity and because of overlap of bone structures at radiography. Bone attrition is associated not only with knee pain, but also with stiffness and disability. If attrition occurs prior to advanced osteoarthritis, this would suggest that changes in subchondral bone occur concurrently with cartilage loss and that treatments targeting cartilage loss alone are unlikely to be effective. Association with edema-like bone marrow lesions may be observed and constitute predictive factors for subchondral bone attrition. The present study was aimed at reviewing the literature, demonstrating the relevance of bone attrition and explaining how to diagnose this entity on imaging studies.
Palavras-chave : Magnetic resonance imaging; Osteoarthritis; Knee pain; Bone attrition; Subchondral bone; Diagnosis.