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Radiologia Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0100-3984On-line version ISSN 1678-7099

Abstract

OLIVEIRA, Romulo Varella de  and  PEREIRA, João Santos. The role of diffusion magnetic resonance imaging in Parkinson's disease and in the differential diagnosis with atypical parkinsonism. Radiol Bras [online]. 2017, vol.50, n.4, pp.250-257. ISSN 0100-3984.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0100-3984.2016-0073.

Parkinson's disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases. Clinically, it is characterized by motor symptoms. Parkinson's disease should be differentiated from atypical parkinsonism conditions. Conventional magnetic resonance imaging is the primary imaging method employed in order to facilitate the differential diagnosis, and its role has grown after the development of advanced techniques such as diffusion-weighted imaging. The purpose of this article was to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging in Parkinson's disease and in the differential diagnosis with atypical parkinsonism, emphasizing the diffusion technique.

Keywords : Parkinson disease; Parkinsonian disorders; Supranuclear palsy, progressive; Multiple system atrophy; Neurodegenerative diseases/physiopathology; Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging..

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