versão impressa ISSN 0100-4042
COSTA, Thaís H. S. et al. Synthesis of Ziegler-Natta catalysts: some routes and their difficulties. Quím. Nova [online]. 1997, vol.20, n.1, pp. 93-98. ISSN 0100-4042. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40421997000100012.
The Ziegler-Natta catalyst and the polymerization thereof are systems which require careful handling and special treatment of chemicals. In spite of the use of inert atmosphere and dry chemicals, some Ziegler-Natta systems may present low activities or even may deactivate because of unsuitable handling. Some features of the TiCl3 synthesis and its characterization when related to the presence of impurities are described. Evidences of poor handling of chemicals and/or laboratory devices while in synthesis of the catalyst are emphasized. The problems arising from butadiene polymerization and some relevant details in propylene polymerization are also presented with teaching objectives.
Palavras-chave : Ziegler-Natta catalysts; propylene; butadiene; polymerization.