versión impresa ISSN 0100-4042
MARANHAO, Silvanna L. de Albuquerque y TORRESI, Roberto M.. Anodic niobium oxide films: electrochromic effect and electrointercalation reaction kinetics. Quím. Nova [online]. 1998, vol.21, n.3, pp. 284-288. ISSN 0100-4042. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40421998000300009.
The aim of this work is to study the electrochromism and the reaction kinetics of lithium electrointercalation in anodic niobium oxide films. The oxide grown in an acid environment by application of an alternating potential shows interference colour (iridescence) and when reduced in lithium perclorate/PC solution, the intercalation of Li+ ions and electrons causes a reversible colour change (electrochromism), characterized here by electrochemical and optical measurements. A model where the reaction kinetics is dominated by diffusion of ionic pairs (Li+, e-) in the oxide film permitted the reproduction of current and absorbance temporal dependence, confirming the relationship between the electrochromic and electrochemical reactions. From the results obtained, a relation was established where the colour change is associated to the reduction of Nb+5 to Nb+4 ions with simultaneous cations injection.
Palabras llave : electrochromism; niobium oxide; intercalation.