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Química Nova

Print version ISSN 0100-4042

Abstract

NASCIMENTO, Evandro A.; MORAIS, Sérgio A. L.; AQUINO, Francisco J. T.  and  PILO - VELOSO, Dorila. Ozonolysis of organosolv and kraft eucalyptus lignins. Parte II: kinetic in basic and acid media. Quím. Nova [online]. 1998, vol.21, n.5, pp. 578-583. ISSN 0100-4042.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40421998000500009.

Organosolv and kraft lignins were treated with ozone both in basic and acid media and the reaction was studied kinetically. In contrast to reported studies, ozone was more efective in basic medium. Kraft lignin was degraded faster than organosolv lignin in both media but in the basic medium the rate of reaction was very much faster than in the acid one: for kraft lignin, the observed degradation was 93% for 2 min of reaction in the basic medium and 56% for 10 min of reaction in the acid medium; for organosolv lignin, 47% and 25%, respectively, in the same times. Higher phenolic hydroxyl groups contents increase the reaction rate.

Keywords : ozonolysis; ozone bleaching; organosolv and kraft lignins.

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