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Química Nova

Print version ISSN 0100-4042On-line version ISSN 1678-7064


ROVER JUNIOR, Laércio; HOEHR, Nelci Fenalti; VELLASCO, Adriana Paula  and  KUBOTA, Lauro Tatsuo. Antioxidant system involving the glutathione metabolic cycle associated to electroanalytical methods in the oxidative stress evaluation. Quím. Nova [online]. 2001, vol.24, n.1, pp.112-119. ISSN 0100-4042.

The most relevant advances on the analytical applications of glutathione determination based on glutathione redox cycle and the antioxidant system are given. The main enzymes that participate of the glutathione metabolism are the glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase. The glutathione peroxidase has a major role in the removal of hydrogen peroxide and lipid peroxides from the cells. These enzymes, operating in tandem with catalase and superoxide dismutase promote a scavenging of oxyradical products in tissues minimizing damages caused by these species. Reduced glutathione is the major intracellular thiol found in mammals and changes in the glutathione concentration in biological fluids or tissues may provide a useful marker in certain disorders like hemolytic anemia, myocardial oxidative stress and in the investigation of some kinds of cancers. Particular attention is devoted to the main advantages supplied by biosensors in which there is an incorporation of bioactive materials for the glutathione determination. The correlation between stability and sensitivity of some reduced glutathione electrochemical sensors is discussed.

Keywords : glutathione; electroanalysis; bioelectrochemistry; oxidative stress.

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