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Química Nova

Print version ISSN 0100-4042On-line version ISSN 1678-7064


ROMERO, José Gino Venegas; LUENGO, Carlos Alberto; HUBER, John G  and  ROSOLEN, José Maurício. Synthesis of single-wall nanotubes by pyrolysis of graphite in helium atmosphere. Quím. Nova [online]. 2002, vol.25, n.1, pp.59-61. ISSN 0100-4042.

Macroscopic samples of fullerene nanostructures are obtained in a modified arc furnace using the electric arc method with a Helium atmosphere at low pressures. High purity graphite rods are used as electrodes but, when drilled and the orifices filled with powders of transition metals (Fe, Co, Ni) acting as catalysts, the resulting particles are carbon nanostructures of the fullerene family, known as Single Wall Nanotubes (SWNTs). They have typical diameters of 1.4 nm, lengths up to tenths of microns and they are arranged together in bundles containing several SWNTs. Those samples are observed and analyzed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) techniques.

Keywords : nanotubes; bundles; arc-furnace.

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