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Química Nova

Print version ISSN 0100-4042On-line version ISSN 1678-7064

Abstract

SOUZA, Ana Carolina Santos de et al. Riboflavin: a multifunctional vitamin. Quím. Nova [online]. 2005, vol.28, n.5, pp.887-891. ISSN 0100-4042.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422005000500028.

Riboflavin, a component of the B2 vitaminic complex, plays important roles in biochemistry, especially in redox reactions, due to the ability to participate in both one- and two-electron transfers as well as acting as a photosensitizer. Accordingly, low intakes of this vitamin have been associated with different diseases, including cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Riboflavin is thought to contribute to oxidative stress through its capacity to produce superoxide but, interestingly, it can also promote the reduction of hydroperoxides. This peculiar and multifunctional behavior allows riboflavin to take part in various biochemical pathways as a nucleophile and an electrophile, turning it into a versatile and important biological compound.

Keywords : riboflavin; electron transfer; oxidative stress.

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