versão impressa ISSN 0100-4042
SANTOS, Elba Gomes dos; ALSINA, Odelsia Leonor Sanchez de e SILVA, Flávio Luiz Honorato da. Performance of biomasses in the adsorption of simple hydrocarbons in aqueous effluents. Quím. Nova [online]. 2007, vol.30, n.2, pp. 327-331. ISSN 0100-4042. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422007000200017.
Removal of hydrocarbons from aqueous effluents using biosorbents was investigated. The effluent was simulated by a dispersion of gasoline (simple hydrocarbons) in water. Corn-cob, wood powder, coconut mesocarp and sugar-cane bagasse were used as adsorbents and their performance verified by means of batch experiments performed in an agitated vessel. The influence of input variables such as hydrocarbon concentration, mass of biomass and agitation level on the adsorbents' capacity was studied by means of factorial design. The results indicated that, among the materials studied, coconut mesocarp and sugar-cane bagasse can be considered promising biomasses for treating aqueous effluents contaminated by hydrocarbons.
Palavras-chave : factorial design; petroleum; sugar-cane bagasse.