Print version ISSN 0100-4042
LIMA NETO, José de Sousa; GRAMOSA, Nilce Viana and SILVEIRA, Edilberto Rocha. Chemical constituents of the fruits of Copaifera langsdorffii Desf.. Quím. Nova [online]. 2008, vol.31, n.5, pp. 1078-1080. ISSN 0100-4042. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422008000500025.
Phytochemical investigation of the hexane extract of fruit shells of Copaifera langsdorffii Desf. (Caesalpinioideae) afforded ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid, polyalthic acid, nivenolide and the mixture of caryophyllene oxide and ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid. The chloroform extract of unripe seeds led to the isolation of coumarin and the GC/MS analysis of the extract allowed the identification of 81.8% of the fatty acid composition after hydrolysis followed by methylation. The main fatty acid identified was oleic acid (33.1%). The isolation of all secondary metabolites was accomplished by modern chromatographic methods and the structure determination was accomplished by spectrometric methods (IR, MS, NMR 1H and 13C).
Keywords : Copaifera langsdorffii; terpenoids; fatty acids.