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Química Nova

versión impresa ISSN 0100-4042

Resumen

ARRUDA, Neusa P. et al. Arabica coffee discrimination between maturation stages and post-harvesting processing types, using solid phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography and principal components analysis. Quím. Nova [online]. 2011, vol.34, n.5, pp. 819-824. ISSN 0100-4042.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422011000500017.

A fruit chemical composition reflects its maturation stage. For coffee, it is also the reflex of the post-harvesting processing type, dry, semi-wet and wet. The object of this work was to verify if headspace solid phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography (HS-SPME-GC) could be used to discriminate between samples harvested in different maturation stages and treated by different processes. With application of principal component analysis to the area of 117 compounds extracted by SPME, using divinylbenzene/Carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane fiber, it was possible to discriminate, in the roasted and ground coffee, the maturity stage and processing type used .

Palabras clave : coffee processing; SPME; arabica coffee.

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