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Química Nova

versão impressa ISSN 0100-4042versão On-line ISSN 1678-7064

Resumo

TOSATO, Flavia et al. ANALYSIS OF FUELS BY PHOTOMETRY, PORTABLE NIRS AND 1H NMR - A COMPARISON WITH STANDARD TECHNIQUES. Quím. Nova [online]. 2020, vol.43, n.2, pp.155-167.  Epub 18-Maio-2020. ISSN 1678-7064.  https://doi.org/10.21577/0100-4042.20170473.

It has been recurring adulterations in fuels (such as gasoline, ethanol and diesel), being necessary the exploration of the use of more modern analytical techniques capable of controlling the quality of these fuels, since some regulated tests may be inefficient to detect the adulteration. Among them, it is highlighted proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy, and portable near infrared spectroscopy (microNIR). In this work, it was studied the conformities of 115 samples of seized fuels (76 of gasoline, 23 of ethanol, and 16 of diesel) by means of standardized techniques with parameters established by the ANP. Results obtained were compared to photometer, MicroNIR and 1H NMR analyzes. The analyzes carried out by ANP showed four nonconforming samples (one of gasoline and three of ethanol). By the photometric technique, only 14 gasoline samples had ethanol content permitted by legislation (i.e ≈ 27 %v/v). By 1H NMR analysis, it was possible to verify nonconformities by presence of aromatics and olefins compounds in the gasoline and diesel samples as well as of methanol in fuel ethanol samples. It is also worth noting the efficiency of MicroNIR when combined with unsupervised chemometric methods to indicate nonconformities presented by 1H NMR and photometry techniques.

Palavras-chave : Fuel; NMR; MicroNIR; photometric; chemometrics.

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