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Fitopatologia Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0100-4158

Resumo

GIMENEZ PECCI, MARIA P. et al. Occurrence of corn stunt diseases and maize viruses in the Provinces of Tucumán and Córdoba in Argentina. Fitopatol. bras. [online]. 2002, vol.27, n.4, pp. 403-407. ISSN 0100-4158.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-41582002000400012.

The incidence of "corn stunt diseases" and maize (Zea mays) viruses was evaluated in maize fields located at the Provinces of Tucumán and Córdoba in Argentina in February 2000. A high number of plants infected with "corn stunt disease" were observed in Tucumán (up 50 to 100%) in 44% of maize crops surveyed in areas varying from up 300 to 2000 m high. The presence of Maize Bushy Stunt Phytoplasma (MBSP) and Corn Stunt Spiroplasma (CSS) was confirmed by PCR and Western blotting tests. In plants showing typical symptoms of MBSP or CSS, the pathogens were detected in 70% of the samples. However, when symptoms were weak, the efficiency of detection dropped to approximately 30%. In Rio Cuarto, Province of Córdoba, the presence of phytoplasma was detected only in three plants showing red leaf symptoms. In Jesus Maria locality, plants showing symptoms different from those caused by MBSP, were demonstrated to be infected by phytoplasma when analyzed by PCR using universal primers. The leafhopper Dalbulus maidis, vector of MBSP and CSS, was found only in Tucumán. The Mal de Rio Cuarto virus (MRCV) was found in six maize fields in Córdoba and in three maize fields located at 1970 to 2.000 m high in Tucumán. The plant hopper Delphacodes kuscheli, vector of MRCV, was found in both provinces sampled. The Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) was found in 60% of maize crops in both Provinces and the Maize rayado fino virus (MRFV)was found only in one location in Tucumán.

Palavras-chave : Fitoplasma; Espiroplasma; Mal de Rio Cuarto virus; Maize dwarf mosaic virus; Maize rayado fino virus.

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