Print version ISSN 0100-4158
SPOSITO, Marcel B et al. Elaboration and validation of diagrammatic scale to evaluate black spot severity in citrus fruits. Fitopatol. bras. [online]. 2004, vol.29, n.1, pp. 81-85. ISSN 0100-4158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-41582004000100012.
A diagrammatic scale, showing the most common symptoms of black spot in citrus (Citrus spp.) fruits, hard spot and false melanose types, was developed to standardize severity assessment. The scale was elaborated considering the maximum and minimum limits of disease severity observed in the field. The intermediate values followed logarithmic increments for hard spot (0.5, 1.7, 5.0, 11.5, 22.5, and 49.0%) and false melanose (1.1, 4.5, 15.0, 31.0, 53.0, and 68.0%) symptoms. To validate the scale, six raters quantified the disease severity of digitalized images of 50 fruits with black spot symptoms. Initially, the estimates of severity were done without the use of the scale. Then, the raters estimated the severity of the same fruits previously assessed using the proposed diagrammatic scale. Assessments with the diagrammatic scale were of greater precision and higher accuracy for all raters, besides being more highly reproducible among the different raters. The proposed diagrammatic scale was considered adequate to estimate black spot severity in citrus fruits and will be used in epidemiological studies and int he evaluation of control strategies for this disease.
Keywords : Citrus sinensis; pinta preta dos citros; Guignardia citricarpa; patometria.