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Fitopatologia Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0100-4158

Abstract

SILVEIRA, Lindomar M. da et al. Citrullus spp. accession and progeny selection for resistance to three potyviruses. Fitopatol. bras. [online]. 2005, vol.30, n.4, pp. 394-399. ISSN 0100-4158.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-41582005000400009.

Six watermelon (Citrullus spp.) accessions (87-019, 87-029, 91-080, PI-244018, 91-043 and PI-195927) and two samples (PI-244019A and PI-244019B) from the acession PI-244019B from Embrapa Cucurbit Germplasm Bank in Petrolina-PE, Northeast of Brazil were evaluated in an attempt to select accessions and progenies of watermelon as sources of resistance to Papaya ringspot virus type watermelon (PRSV-W), Watermelon mosaic virus (WMV) and Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV). Endogamic and open pollinated progenies from these accessions were also evaluated for resistance to PRSV-W, WMV and ZYMV. The evaluations were carried out in a greenhouse at the Plant Virus Laboratory of the Federal University of Ceará where the plants were mechanically inoculated and serological screened by Elisa. The selected plants were grown in the Experimental Station of Bebedouro in Petrolina-PE, where the virus inoculations were made, naturally, by vectors. According to the results, plants were not infected by PRSV-W in the following accessions: 87-019, PI-244019A, 91-080, PI-244018, PI-244019B and PI-195927; plants were not infected by WMV in the accessions: 87-019 and 87-029; and plants were not infected by ZYMV in the accessions: PI-244019A, 87-029, 91-080,91-043, PI-244019B and PI-195927. The progenies showed differentiated behavior with the percentage of selected plants ranging from 20 to 100% for PRSV-W and 60 to 100% for WMV. The progenies evaluated against ZYMV did not show resistant plants. Therefore, it can be postulated that resistance for PRSV-W and WMV in the progenies differs from that for ZYMV, since all progenies were submitted to the same number of self-pollinations.

Keywords : cucurbitaceous; screening for virus resistance; PRSV-W; WMV; ZYMV.

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