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RIOS, Melina Ocampo; FERNANDEZ, Paula and CARMONA, Marcelo. Detection of Rhynchosporium secalis in barley seeds from Argentina through polymerase chain reaction technique. Fitopatol. bras. [online]. 2007, vol.32, n.5, pp.415-418. ISSN 0100-4158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-41582007000500007.
Leaf scald of barley caused by Rhynchosporium secalis is an important disease in Argentina. The fungus is a necrotrophic pathogen which survives in stubble, seeds and weeds. Isolation of R. secalis from seeds on artificial media usually has not been successful due to the slow growth rate of the pathogen and strong inhibition by contaminants. The objective in this work was to detect R. secalis in different genotypes of barley seeds in Argentina using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based diagnostic assay. Four barley genotypes were tested in 2004: Quilmes Ayelén, Quilmes Alfa, Barke and Maltería Pampa 1004. The previously described RS8 and RS9 primers were used for the detection of R. secalis in barley seeds. A 264-bp single band was obtained for each cultivar showing the presence of R. secalis. The use of specific primers was efficient in the detection of R. secalis in barley seeds in Argentina and could be used for routine diagnosis, epidemiology and seed transmission studies. This is the first report on the detection of R. secalis in barley seeds in Argentina.
Keywords : Hordeum vulgare; diagnosis; PCR.