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Fitopatologia Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0100-4158

Abstract

PINTO, Luiz Roberto M.; SILVA, Stela Dalva V.M.  and  YAMADA, Milton M.. Evaluation of phenotypic stability of resistance to Phytophthora spp. in cacao clones. Fitopatol. bras. [online]. 2007, vol.32, n.6, pp. 453-457. ISSN 0100-4158.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-41582007000600001.

Resistance of fourteen Theobroma cacao clones to Phytophthora spp. was evaluated using stem inoculations on grafted seedlings. Concepts of phenotypic stability were used to interpret the results and to express horizontality of the resistance. The linear regression coefficient 'b', the determination coefficient (R2) and average lesion size were used to determine the level of horizontal resistance, the phenotypic stability and the predictability of all clones. The results indicated that clones P 7 and MA 15 present highest levels of horizontal resistance and stability, but with moderate predictability. Clones CAS 1 and CEPEC 13 were classified as those with high horizontal resistance, stability and predictability, while clones PA 30, UF 650 and SIAL 88 and EET 59 showed intermediate resistance and stability and high predictability. Clones SPA 17, OC 61, PA 150, SIAL 505, ICS 1 and R 41 presented high susceptibility and intermediate or low stability and moderate or high predictability.

Keywords : Theobroma cacao; genotypes; black pod disease.

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