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Eclética Química

versão impressa ISSN 0100-4670

Resumo

CARDENAS-LOPEZ, C.; CAMARGO, G.; GIRALDO, L.  e  MORENO-PIRAJAN, J.C.. Design of an adsorbent employing activated carbon fiber to remove lead. Eclet. Quím. [online]. 2007, vol.32, n.3, pp. 61-71. ISSN 0100-4670.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-46702007000300009.

Zorflex® activated carbon fibers (ACF), reference FM100 198B, are used before and after an oxidizing procedure with H3PO4 to study the adsorption of Pb2+. The point of zero charge was determined for the modified and unmodified fiber giving values of 2.3 and 4.3, respectively. After oxidizing the ACF, the fiber showed to have a greater Pb2+ adsorption capacity in comparison with the unmodified fiber, which is related with the acid sites increase, where lead was mainly adsorbed. Determination of the BET area was carried out by nitrogen physisorption at 77K. ACFs presented superficial areas between 1000 and 1500 m2/g showing mostly, a microporous structure. The preliminary design of an adsorbent using the modified fiber is presented where the fiber superior physicochemical properties over the unmodified one are observed.

Palavras-chave : isotherms; activated fibers; adsorbent; ion Pb2+.

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