Print version ISSN 0100-4670
SANTOS, S.; MORAES, M.L.L; REZENDE, M.O.O. and SOUZA FILHO, A.P.S. Potencial alelopático e identificação de compostos secundários em extratos de calopogônio (Calopogonium mucunoides) utilizando eletroforese capilar. Eclet. Quím. [online]. 2011, vol.36, n.2, pp. 51-68. ISSN 0100-4670. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-46702011000200003.
In this paper we describe the assessment of the possible allelopathic potential of organic extracts obtained from leaves of Calopogonium mucunoides under laboratory conditions, after that some secondary compounds were identified and quantified using capillary electrophoresis. After the identification and quantification of the compounds, we studied the effects of these compounds on the germination of some common weed, which are actually becoming a real problem in pastures in the state of Pará - Brazil. Calopogônio presented allelopathic potential. The organic crude extracts obtained from solvents with high dielectric constants (dichloromethane and ethyl acetate) were the most efficient in the inhibition of the weed germination. Seeds of Mimosa pudica were more affected by the extracts; this fact reveals the specificity of the organic extracts obtained. Capillary electrophoresis protocols were highly specific, which makes it possible to identify 5 classes of compounds using the same crude extract samples and analyze them fartly (up to 20min). Many of identified compounds show inhibitory effect in the weeds germination, seeds of malicia were the most sensible, the bioassays with the misture of compounds indicated the possibility of synergic effect.
Keywords : allelopathy; capillary electrophoresis; weeds.