Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia
Print version ISSN 0100-512X
ASSUNCAO, Teodoro Rennó. Ulisses e Aquiles repensando a morte (Odisséia XI, 478-491). Kriterion [online]. 2003, vol.44, n.107, pp. 100-109. ISSN 0100-512X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-512X2003000100008.
A brief commentary on a famous passage of the dialogue between Ulysses and Achilles psyche in the Hades (Odyssey XI, 478-491), based on the discussion of the hypothesis of Karl Rüter who noticed there an inversion of the traditional roles of the two heroes in conflict: Ulysses deplores the sufferings of his nostos («regress») and exalts the kleos («glory») of Achilles; Achilles psyche, on its turn, disdains his non-perishable kleos and values, having before him the undermost state of the dead, any form of life (even the lowest in society), that is: the continuity of life implied in the nostos.
Keywords : Ulysses; Achilles; psyche; Hades.