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Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia

Print version ISSN 0100-512X


CONSTANCIO, João. "Quem tem razão, Kant ou Stendhal?" uma reflexão sobre a crítica de Nietzsche à estética de Kant. Kriterion [online]. 2013, vol.54, n.128, pp.475-495. ISSN 0100-512X.

The present article is a reflection on the way how, in "Genealogy of Morals", Nietzsche rethinks "the aesthetic issue" based on the opposition between Kant's conception of beauty as a predicate of a "disinterested" judgment and the stendhaliana conception of beauty as the effect of a "crystallization" and a "promise of happiness". The key to the thought of Nietzsche's in this context resides on the concept of "intoxication" (Rausch) on the one hand, as a key-term to designate the "pre-physiological condition" of art, but on the other hand, as a process of spiritualisation of the instincts or of the drives, which internalizes and intensifies them. This spiritualization is distinguished from disinterested contemplation for it does not dis-affects us, and because it is by large a spiritualization of sexuality, without renouncing to imply a revaluation of the values and a widening on the horizon of the human. That is why art can be thought of as a "counter-movement" that affirms life and fights the "ascetic ideal" and the "European nihilism".

Keywords : Art; aesthetic judgment; crystallization; spiritualization; nihilism.

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