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Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia

versão impressa ISSN 0100-512Xversão On-line ISSN 1981-5336

Resumo

PEREIRA, Rafael Rodrigues. VOLUNTARISMO E COGNITIVISMO: A CRÍTICA DE MICHAEL SANDEL AO CONTRATUALISMO DE RAWLS. Kriterion [online]. 2017, vol.58, n.136, pp.185-202. ISSN 0100-512X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-512x2017n13610rrp.

The aim of this paper is to illustrate the opposition between communitarianism and contratualism, from the analysis of a specific case: Michael Sandel's criticism of voluntarism in the theory of Rawls. For Sandel "voluntarism" is the thesis according to which political and moral principles are legitimate from an exercise of individual will, such as "choice" or "consent". We shall argue that this thesis is the grounding basis of modern contractualism, although only with Rawls it reaches its purest form. Sandel suggests as an alternative to voluntarism what he calls "cognitivism", inspired in the ancient understanding of the world. According to cognitivism, the legitimation of political and moral principles streams from ends or "goods" which are discovered rather than chosen.

Palavras-chave : Communitarianism; Contractualism; Voluntarism; Cognitivism; Rawls; Michael Sandel.

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