Print version ISSN 0100-5405
HALFELD-VIEIRA, Bernardo A.; ROMEIRO, Reginaldo S.; MOUNTEER, Ann and MIZUBUTI, Eduardo S.G.. Efficiency of phylloplane bacteria in controlling aerial tomato diseases under field conditions. Summa phytopathol. [online]. 2008, vol.34, n.1, pp. 86-87. ISSN 0100-5405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-54052008000100019.
The capacity of two bacteria isolated from the tomato phylloplane to control late blight (Phytophthora infestans) was investigated in the field, and compared against the effectiveness of spraying with the fungicide chlorothalonil (1.5 g a.i. L-1) or water (control). A 55% reduction in late blight intensity was observed in the leaves of the middle of the plant and 62% in those of the upper leaves when using the antagonist UFV-STB 6 (Novosphingobium capsulatum) as compared to the control. Isolate UFV-IEA 6 (Bacillus cereus) was able to reduce disease intensity by 55%, but only in the upper leaves of the tomato plants. Treatment with isolate UFV-STB 6 also led to a significant reduction in the percentage of fruits with late blight symptoms. The results demonstrate the potential of these two bacteria in controlling this disease.
Keywords : Biological control; Bacillus cereus; Novosphingobium capsulatum; Lycopersicon esculentum; Phytophthora infestans.