Print version ISSN 0100-5405
SOUZA, Elaine Costa et al. Cross pathogenicity of Ceratobasidium spp. from kaki (Diospyros kaki) and tea (Camellia sinensis) and reaction of kaki varieties to the pathogen. Summa phytopathol. [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.1, pp. 9-14. ISSN 0100-5405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-54052009000100001.
The fungus Ceratobasidium spp. causes the white-thread blight disease, which affects several fruit trees, coffee and tea crops. This disease frequently occurs in zones of high precipitation and temperatures, typical of the tropical forest regions such as the Amazon and the Atlantic Forests. In São Paulo State, Brazil, this disease was reported by the first time affecting kaki plants in Mogi das Cruzes county. The objective of this study was to test the cross-pathogenicity of Ceratobasidium spp. isolates from kaki and tea to both host plants and also to coffee and citrus. This study also aimed to determine the reaction of local kaki varieties to Ceratobasidium spp. isolates from kaki under controlled conditions. Although phylogenetically distinct, kaki- and tea-infecting isolates were cross-pathogenic to both hosts, besides infecting coffee and citrus. There was no indication of resistance reaction among the eight kaki varieties tested.
Keywords : Basidiomycete fungus; resistance; coffee; citrus; binucleate Rhizoctonia.