versão impressa ISSN 0100-5405
RAPPUSSI, Maria Cristina Canale; BENATO, Eliane Aparecida; CIA, Patrícia e PASCHOLATI, Sérgio Florentino. Chitosan and fungicides on postharvest control of Guignardia citricarpa and on quality of 'Pêra Rio' oranges. Summa phytopathol. [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.3, pp. 142-144. ISSN 0100-5405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-54052011000300011.
Citrus fruits are affected by the black spot disease caused by the fungus Guignardia citricarpa. Chitosan can be used as covering for fruits and may delay the ripening process and inhibit the growth of some fungi. Thus, the control of citrus black spot using chitosan and the fungicides thiabendazole and imazalil was assessed in addition to the physicochemical quality of 'Pêra Rio' oranges. The oranges were immersed into chitosan, thiabendazole or imazalil, and in chitosan mixed with both fungicides. The fruits were then stored at 25 °C, 80% RH, for 7 days and, after this storage period, subjected to physicochemical analyses. Chitosan in association with the fungicides reduced black spot in 'Pêra Rio' oranges and delayed the change in the orange skin colour from green to yellow during the postharvest storage. Total soluble solids, titratable acidity, pH, ascorbic acid content and ratio were not influenced by the treatments. Thus, chitosan applied with the fungicides thiabendazole and imazalil showed potential to control the development of black spot lesions on 'Pêra Rio' oranges during the postharvest period.
Palavras-chave : black spot; thiabendazole; imazalil; alternative control; physicochemical analysis.