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Summa Phytopathologica

Print version ISSN 0100-5405

Abstract

REIS, Erlei Melo  and  BLUM, Marta Maria Casa. Weather based warning systems for bean angular-leaf-spot and anthracnose. Summa phytopathol. [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.3, pp. 228-231. ISSN 0100-5405.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-54052012000300008.

Data available in the literature were used to develop a warning system for bean angular leaf spot and anthracnose, caused by Phaeoisariopsis griseola and Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, respectively. The model is based on favorable environmental conditions for the infectious process such as continuous leaf wetness duration and mean air temperature during this subphase of the pathogen-host relationship cycle. Equations published by DALLA PRIA (1977) showing the interactions of those two factors on the disease severity were used. Excell spreadsheet was used to calculate the leaf wetness period needed to cause different infection probabilities at different temperature ranges. These data were employed to elaborate critical period tables used to program a computerized electronic device that records leaf wetness duration and mean temperature and automatically shows the daily disease severity value (DDSV) for each disease. The model should be validated in field experiments under natural infection for which the daily disease severity sum (DDSS) should be identified as a criterion to indicate the beginning and the interval of fungicide applications to control both diseases.

Keywords : Colletotrichum lindemuthianum; Phaeoisariopsis griseola; Phaseolus vulgaris; plant disease forecasting.

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