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Summa Phytopathologica

Print version ISSN 0100-5405

Abstract

CAMERA, Juliane Nicolodi; DEUNER, Carolina Cardoso  and  REIS, Erlei Melo. Different concentrations of Cercospora sojina inoculum on the intensity of frogeye leaf spot in soybeans. Summa phytopathol. [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.3, pp. 235-238. ISSN 0100-5405.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-54052012000300010.

Frogeye leaf spot, the causative agent of which is the fungus Cercospora sojina, causes great losses to soybean crops, primarily in Argentina. The experiment, conducted in laboratory and acclimatization chamber, aimed to check the effect of different concentrations of inoculum of C. sojina on the intensity of Frogeye leaf spot in soybean leaflets. The used concentrations of conidia were 10x103, 20x103, 30x10 40x103, 50x103 and 60x103 conidia.mL-1, with and without the presence of a spreader. After the inoculation of conidia by spraying on soybean leaflets, plants were maintained under 48-hour leaf wetness. After this period, the plants remained in an acclimatization chamber at 25 ºC for 15 days. The severity, number and diameter of injuries were evaluated. The concentration of 35,000 conidia.mL-1 with the presence of the spreader generated a disease intensity that enables the rapid and accurate quantification of the disease and can be used in future research.

Keywords : Spreader; conidia; severity; Glycine max.

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