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Summa Phytopathologica

versão impressa ISSN 0100-5405

Resumo

DANELLI, Anderson Luiz Durante; REIS, Erlei Melo  e  BOARETTO, Cristina. Critical-point model to estimate yield loss caused by Asian soybean rust. Summa phytopathol. [online]. 2015, vol.41, n.4, pp.262-269. ISSN 0100-5405.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-5405/2003.

A model to estimate yield loss caused by Asian soybean rust (ASR) (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) was developed by collecting data from field experiments during the growing seasons 2009/10 and 2010/11, in Passo Fundo, RS. The disease intensity gradient, evaluated in the phenological stages R5.3, R5.4 and R5.5 based on leaflet incidence (LI) and number of uredinium and lesions/cm2, was generated by applying azoxystrobin 60 g a.i/ha + cyproconazole 24 g a.i/ha + 0.5% of the adjuvant Nimbus. The first application occurred when LI = 25% and the remaining ones at 10, 15, 20 and 25-day intervals. Harvest occurred at physiological maturity and was followed by grain drying and cleaning. Regression analysis between the grain yield and the disease intensity assessment criteria generated 56 linear equations of the yield loss function. The greatest loss was observed in the earliest growth stage, and yield loss coefficients ranged from 3.41 to 9.02 kg/ha for each 1% LI for leaflet incidence, from 13.34 to 127.4 kg/ha/1 lesion/cm2 for lesion density and from 5.53 to 110.0 kg/ha/1 uredinium/cm2 for uredinium density.

Palavras-chave : Glycine max; Phakopsora pachyrhizi; economic yield loss threshold.

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