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Summa Phytopathologica

versão impressa ISSN 0100-5405

Resumo

MARCUZZO, Leandro Luiz  e  HAVEROTH, Roberto. Development of a weather-based model for Botrytis leaf blight of onion. Summa phytopathol. [online]. 2016, vol.42, n.1, pp.92-93. ISSN 0100-5405.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-5405/2034.

In the present study, onion plants were tested under controlled conditions for the development of a climate model based on the influence of temperature (10, 15, 20 and 25°C) and leaf wetness duration (6, 12, 24 and 48 hours) on the severity of Botrytis leaf blight of onion caused by Botrytis squamosa. The relative lesion density was influenced by temperature and leaf wetness duration (P <0.05). The disease was most severe at 20°C. Data were subjected to nonlinear regression analysis. Beta generalized function was used to adjust severity and temperature data, while a logistic function was chosen to represent the effect of leaf wetness on the severity of Botrytis leaf blight. The response surface obtained by the product of two functions was expressed as ES = 0.008192 * (((x-5)1.01089) * ((30-x)1.19052)) * (0.33859/(1+3.77989 * exp (-0.10923*y))), where ES represents the estimated severity value (0.1); x, the temperature (°C); and y, the leaf wetness (in hours). This climate model should be validated under field conditions to verify its use as a computational system for the forecasting of Botrytis leaf blight in onion.

Palavras-chave : Allium cepa; Botrytis squamosa; epidemiology; disease forecasting.

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